Lakes in New Mexico are stunningly situated through mountains and desert in this beautiful state. It's the "Land of Enchantment" after all. And you can spend enchanting hours and days at a lakeside in New Mexico, enjoying wonderful times.
Often, lakes are created from river or stream sources. There are several river sources in New Mexico.
Yes, New Mexico has a lot of desert areas, causing some to wonder, are there any lakes in New Mexico? And if there are, they wonder how many New Mexico lakes are there?
Some Major Lakes in New Mexico result from dams in the well-known Rio Grande River, which flows throughout the state, from North to South. The Pecos River, Canadian River and San Juan River are major sources for New Mexico lakes.
Of course there are many tributaries, smaller streams and creeks which flow into these rivers. Plus a few other rivers with less New Mexico flow miles. But they influence local water tables and lakes.
There are also some unique waters, like the famed bottomless lakes of New Mexico.
We'll eventually be traveling to all of the above.
So scroll on down to view all we've got. Or you can designate, by clicking to start with...
THE LAKES ALONG THE FAMED RIO GRANDE RIVER:
We've traveled lots of this route, mainly from south of Albuquerque. A little bit north of there, too. We're continuing to travel more of that!
You'd discover wonderful places for birding: wetland sanctuaries which often have Hidden Lakes along their pathways. Then there are large lakes with pretty good facilities. They're fairly long and relatively narrow. Quite scenic, backed by stark desert mountainsides. And a couple of the best boating lakes in New Mexico.
The farther north you go, the more lakeside vegetation there is, as the elevation climbs.
All easily accessed from I-25.
Valle de Oro Urban Wildlife Refuge - Adjacent to the river, recently improved, more updates continue. The river's bosque is created around the storm-water swale and playa wetland.
Isleta Lakes - On the property of, managed by Isleta Pueblo Native American Tribe. Thus they're private lakes.
Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge - Tons of Land Here, the River runs through it. Affording opportunity to flood area for lakes/wetlands.
Socorro Nature Area - BLM managed: take I-25 Exit 156/Lemitar to go East. Continue straight as it becomes Rt.408 until it ends over railroad tracks, then right on Schmittle Rd. 0.2 miles to left on Nature Lane.
Escondida Lake - In Socorro. Adjacent to the city's Escondida Bridge Park, which also offers a campground with full hook-ups.
Elephant Butte Reservoir - The state's largest lake, at 2,065,010 surface acres if/when full. Many activities to be had here, including boating, fishing, camping, swimming & even scuba diving!
Mimms Lake - This oxbow lake, historically sectioned off from flows of the Rio Grande, able to hold 91 surface acres.1
Caballo Lake - Many lake water activities for fun days. While smaller that Elephant Butte down the road, it's also not so built-up.
It's calmer. The waters, even without drought circumstances, are more shallow overall.
Best access is via the park.
Caballo Lake State Park - Swimming, fishing, boating (all types), & hiking.
Leasburg Dam Backwaters - With optimal Southwestern Climatology, waters held back here were available to distribute to area farms. Its purpose when constructed as a diversion dam in 1907.4
In drought conditions, not so much. To observe post-dam results, get to the park:
Leasburg Dam State Park - RV sites with elec/water (16), 2 more specifically set-up as accessible. More developed basic sites have nearby water access. Must make a reservation.
Easily accessed from I-25, or relatively so.
ABQ BIOPARK & JAPANESE GARDEN PONDS6 - What a wonderful city park. Lots to explore, so be sure to reserve the whole day.
From I-25, Exit at 226B, merge onto I-40W to Exit 15A. Turn left onto Rio Grande Blvd., right at Central, left at Tingley Dr. to parking.
JEMEZ CANYON RESERVOIR - Within Santa Ana Pueblo native lands. Its purpose is Jemez Creek sedimentation & flood control.
No direct access to the lake.
CONCHITI LAKE9 - Within the Pueblo de Cochiti Nation, fully no-wake throughout.
Rio Grande River was dammed for this flood management project. But recreational benefits are appreciated in this high desert, 5300+' elevation.
Two Recreation Areas managed by the Army Corps of Engineers. Fishing, playground, picnicking & swimming.
Beginning in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in NE New Mexico. From there to Terrero, that's 25-1/2 miles designated National Wild & Scenic.
Along its way to the Texas border where the Pecos Continues, its created numerous lakes in New Mexico.
In some nearby areas, its watershed also references other lakes, perhaps relating to groundwater shared by both. The renowned Bottomless Lakes are an example.
The Pecos has historically meandered, and during flooding, created oxbow lakes, still seen today.12 Let's go find New Mexico lakes on its course.
COWLES PONDS - Two small fishing lakes adjacent to the Pecos River, within its canyon, just south of confluence of two creeks forming its headwaters.
MONASTERY LAKE - Adjacent to the Pecos River & grounds of Our Lady of Guadalupe Abbey. They have rentals available for a Peaceful Retreat in this beautiful area.
SANTA ROSA LAKE - The first major New Mexico lake formed with Pecos River waters. Some Day-Use areas on the lake are free, managed by the Corps of Engineers. Best access for longer term is with state parks:
Santa Rosa Lake State Park - All recreational fun for you here.
LAKE SUMNER - With 4500 surface acres, created by the Pecos River's Sumner Dam. Named for Fort Sumner, 15 miles southwest of this New Mexico lake.
An area with several Pecos River related New Mexico lakes and ponds. You can try exploring several dirt/gravel back-roads on the northwest & eastern side of the lake for access.10
There's also private homes adjacent to parklands on the southeastern shores. But if you don't want to stay in a campground, there's This Choice up a little over 30 miles up the road near the Blue Hole in Santa Rosa.
Where you'll find easiest lake access, for all kinds of recreation: the state park.
Sumner Lake State Park - Much of the surrounding lands are grassy plains.
Wouldn't the Kids Love Seeing These Guys! -
BITTER LAKE - Surrounded by this rare slice of biodiverse desert abutting to wetland, recently deemed an oxbow formed lake, as well as artesian spring fed.
But there's even more to highly recommend a visit here! You won't regret it.
You'll realize the importance of savoring and preserving it. As well as recognizing (for many reasons) Bitter Lake as one of the most unique lakes in New Mexico!
DIRECTIONS: From Roswell, take Hwy.380E 3 miles, make left at Red Bridge Rd./265, ending at Pine Lodge Rd., make right, 6 miles to entrance.
BRANTLEY LAKE - Surrounded by Chihuahuan Desert, it's like an oasis, when you see it coming up, glimmering in the distance!
The most southerly of all the lakes in New Mexico. Occasional bouts of golden algae blooms, & some DDT detection in fish have been detrimental to fishing in prior years.
The New Mexico Department of Game and Fish always monitors to prevent harmful health effects.11 Its maximum foot-acreage approaches 348,600.12
Best access, again, from the State Park.
After flowing from 9500' elevation, traveling about 2 miles from its Colorado headwaters on the eastern slope of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains,13 it enters New Mexico high country.
It begins a generally eastward track, winding its way through many canyons, such as Penitente Canyon, Arch Redd Canyon, TX Canyon & Potato Canyon where you can see the upper reaches via Hwy. 555/York Canyon Rd.
Soon it takes a southerly turn at Raton, NM. The terrain is high desert.
To access a look, take I-25 Exit 446 to Hwy.64S.
Along the way it crosses the Santa Fe & El Vada de las Piedras Trails, then enters more canyon country: Lodge Canyon, Mills Canyon, & Whitman Canyon. When it arrives at the first major New Mexico lake it creates.
CONCHAS LAKE - This northernmost lake in New Mexico along the Canadian River has been one of NM's best lakes. Lots of lake activities here for enjoyable escapades.
Accessed to the North off I-40:
Exit 300 for Hwy.129N to 104E.
OR West of Tucumcari, Exit 329 to Hwy.40/54 (Historic Rt.66). Stay on 54/237 when divided highway ends, going into town. It becomes Railroad Ave., bending into Main St. Soon make the left onto N.1st St./104. Stay on 104 as it becomes N.2nd St. all the way to Conchas Lake.
Conchas Lake State Park - Camping with water/elec sites, some reservable.
Corps of Engineers Recreation - Southside adjacent to Hwy.104, North Side take Bell Ranch Rd.
UTE RESERVOIR - Created from the Canadian River as well as Ute Creek. Much of this 13 mile long lake has private lakeshore. But once you're on the water - go anywhere you can. This New Mexico lake holds as much as 272,000 acre-feet.14
Good access is from the state park.
Ute Lake State Park - Four lakeshore areas for access.
A tributary to the Colorado River. As it flows through New Mexico the plateau landscape has an arid climate, with approximately 160 days of yearly seasonal farming capability. Therefore the river provides an irrigation source.
In 1956 the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation planned reservoirs as water storage support for the Colorado River. One of the San Juan River lakes in New Mexico was created for this: Navajo Reservoir.16
Along its winding course through New Mexico, you'd discover adjacent fluvial lakes. These are oxbow lakes and lateral lakes. Most of these are unnamed.
But Navajo Lake is the largest we'll find in its direct route, and the 2nd largest lake in New Mexico. You'll note at its outflow, downstream, it delivers waters into Lake Powell.
NAVAJO LAKE - With lake-acres totaling to 14,500, it has so much to offer.
Like camping, swimming, & scuba-diving, fishing, boating, water-skiing, birding, night-sky watching, & hiking.
Marina rentals, or bring your own watercraft. All varieties of camping, including cabins & pre-arranged reservations. Fabulous fishing here, including an autumn into winter Kokanee salmon run.17
Navajo Lake State Park - The best way to access this park, all-around is via the state park. Two of their marinas on either side of the lake offer watercraft rentals.
WiFi is available at the park. Plenty of camping, with all kinds of options. Elec/water sites, or primitive, lake-side, boat-in, dump-station, reservations, & restrooms with showers.18
Is that the total of lakes in New Mexico? These lakes along New Mexico's major rivers? Not at all!
There are plenty more lakes in New Mexico, scattered throughout this diverse state. There are actually more than 1200 New Mexico lakes!19
Maybe we'll eventually get to them all. We can surely hope so!! What are some others that we might think of?
We're working on getting to all of the above, and more. So keep us in mind, and come on back to see the latest.
See References For Lakes in New Mexico>
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